The illustration below shows typical bottom features that attract bass. Once you've located such features, here are some approaches to try (clockwise from center):
A) Offshore Weed Beds: Bass will position in and along offshore weed beds. If the cover isn't too thick, cast lipless crankbaits, spinnerbaits or soft jerkbaits and retrieve through the weeds. Drag Carolina-rigged soft-plastics along the edges. For thicker cover, try a drop-shot rig fished vertically.
B) Sloughs: Bass will hold near the original banks of a slough, especially where there are stumps that provide baitfish with cover. Fish the shallow side of the slough banks with mid-range crankbaits and use deep-divers for the deeper side.
C) Creek Junctures: Downriver points at the juncture of a tributary and the original river channel often hold bass, especially if baitfish are moving in and out of coves and bays fed by the tributary. Use deep-diving crankbaits, Carolina rigs, heavy feather or bucktail jigs and heavy spinnerbaits.
**D) **Ledges: Flooded rock ledges or bluffs (and bridge pilings) that foster algae growth near their tops attract baitfish. Schooling bass often station themselves along the bases and move up to feed. Try deep-diving crankbaits and heavy spinnerbaits here, or hop tube jigs down the rock outcroppings and stair-step ledges.
E) Humps: Deepwater humps and sandbars that rise to within a few feet of the surface offer cover to migrating baitfish such as shad. Carolina rigs, lipless crankbaits and deep-diving crankbaits should produce.