The other big disease to grab headlines is Chronic Wasting disease, but is it really something to fear? At this stage the infection rate is small, less than five percent in most areas. According to the Chronic Wasting Disease Alliance, CWD is described as "a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of cervids." Its infectious agents are hypothesized to be prions, which are infectious proteins without associated nucleic acids. The most infectious areas of a deer or other ungulate, is the brain and spinal cord, hence it is advised to always wear latex gloves when field dressing a deer or elk.