Since VHS was first identified in farmed fish in Europe in the 1950's, the virus has gone global, reaching the Great Lakes by 2005. Fish kills numbered in the tens of thousands, The Vancouver Sun estimates, including 2006 die-offs of yellow perch in Lake Erie and muskellunge in the St. Lawrence River. In the past five years, the virus has infected bass in New York's Finger Lakes, as well as salmon, muskie, walleye and various minnow species. In 2011, VHS was found in Ontario's Lake Simcoe, about 100 miles southwest of the Ontario/Quebec border. Ontario's governmental response was a crackdown on the transport of minnows, which are known to transmit the disease, from lake to lake.