2. Food, Food, Food, Food
The favorite food source available in the least supply is likely where you will find both turkeys and deer. Here is a case in point:
Several seasons ago, Kris McGrath and I were headed into the fall turkey woods a couple hours after first light when we spotted a flock of birds (jakes) out in the middle of a field of goldenrod. The birds were picking so hard that they never even noticed our woods' road driveby. We parked my truck, snuck into the woods more than 200 yards away and set up. Amazingly, the birds responded instantly to the first series of jake yelps. Within seconds, they were on their way and Kris dumped the lead bird. When I cleaned the jake, I pulled an honest-to-God, softball-sized wad of grasshoppers from his crop. In retrospect, it was obvious why those birds were where they were. We happened upon the first hard frost of the season. The slow-moving hoppers were easy pickings for those turkeys which filled up on the high-protein bugs before instinct told them that hoppers would be gone until next summer.