Nothing says autumn like that first step into bobwhite cover or an endless Midwest cornfield or the dappled leaves of a ruffed grouse covert. That first step is followed by another, and then many, many more. One of the behaviors that defines upland hunters is that they typically carry their shotguns long distances while shooting them very little.So when you do take a shot, you want to have the confidence that your payload is capable of bringing down the game you are hunting. After all, you might not get a second shot or another flush. Though the 12-gauge, with its wide selection of loads, is king, for many a lightweight 20- or 28-gauge is a better pick. And the oft-forgotten 16 is perfect for the uplands. Here is a guide for upland loads that fit most situations.