Water temperature has a major affect on game fish activity in both fresh and saltwater. All fish species have a preferred temperature range in which they are most active and, therefore, more susceptible to being caught. Here are ideal water temperatures for the most popular species of freshwater fish:
|Black Crappie||60°F (15°C)||70°F (21°C)||75°F (24°C)|
|Bluegill||58°F (14°C)||69°F (20°C)||75°F (24°C)|
|Brook Trout||44°F (7°C)||58°F (14°C)||70°F (21°C)|
|Brown Trout||44°F (7°C)||58°F (14°C)||74°F (23°C)|
|Carp||74°F (24°C)||84°F (29°C)||88°F (31°C)|
|Chain Pickerel||60°F (15°C)||66°F (19°C)||74°F (23°C)|
|Catfish||55°F (13°C)||82°F (28°C)||89°F (32°C)|
|Chinook Salmon||44°F (7°C)||54°F (12°C)||60°F (15°C)|
|Coho Salmon||44°F (7°C)||54°F (12°C)||60°F (15°C)|
|Green Sunfish||73°F (23°C)||87°F (31°C)||91°F (33°C)|
|Kamloops Trout||46°F (8°C)||49°F (9°C)||57°F (14°C)|
|Lake Trout||42°F (4°C)||54°F (12°C)||62°F (17°C)|
|Lake Whitefish||43°F (6°C)||51°F (11°C)||63°F (17°C)|
|Largemouth Bass||50°F (10°C)||70°F (21°C)||84°F (29°C)|
|Northern Pike||56°F (13°C)||63°F (17°C)||74°F (23°C)|
|Rainbow Trout||44°F (7°C)||61°F (16°C)||75°F (24°C)|
|Sauger||55°F (13°C)||67°F (19°C)||74°F (23°C)|
|Smallmouth Bass||60°F (16°C)||67°F (19°C)||73°F (23°C)|
|Spotted Bass||71°F (22°C)||75°F (24°C)||80°F (27°C)|
|Steelhead Trout||38°F (3°C)||50°F (10°C)||60°F (16°C)|
|Sunfish||50°F (10°C)||58°F (19°C)||68°F (20°C)|
|Walleye||50°F (10°C)||67°F (19°C)||76°F (24°C)|
|White Bass||62°F (17°C)||70°F (21°C)||78°F (26°C)|
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