Smith: This guy was a real toughie, but trying to get away was a mistake. Standing your ground is always a better strategy. The message that sends, even if you pee your pants, is, "If you attack me you might get hurt in the process, too." Rutting bull elk can get feisty, and about the only thing Macha might have done to prevent this attack would have been to stand up, shout, and let the animal know he was not a rival elk. Or, if possible, climb a tree.