Critics of Bernhardt’s decision make several points. One, it potentially opens up more conflicts between non-motorized and motorized users. Second, it could lead to more crowding of backcountry hunting and fishing spots, which often leads to more regulations, restrictions and reduced quality. This is particularly true with species that are hard-wired to be sensitive to disturbance, such as elk and native trout. Third, the top-down, DC-based direction reduces management authority of district rangers, refuge managers and park superintendents who better understand the challenges on the ground. For example, many park trails are crowded enough without added traffic of e-bikes.