While other parts of America are drenched in rain and watching the tropics for hurricanes, the western half of the country suffered from record heat and a brutal drought. Although the biggest toll is on human life and suffering, plenty of wildlife and habitat are at risk from prolonged drought. Here’s a look at some hotspots.
The California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) has undertaken the largest wildfire protection and resiliency effort in its history, working to safeguard nearly all of its wildlife areas, ecological reserves and the surrounding communities from wildfire ahead of peak wildfire season this summer and fall.
Wildfire resiliency work is underway at dozens of CDFW-owned properties statewide. These efforts include creating fire breaks, removing brush and other wildfire fuel, thinning overgrown vegetation, expanding livestock grazing and conducting controlled burns when conditions safely permit.
Restrictions include what are commonly known as “hoot owl” closures, which means fishing is closed from 2 p.m. to midnight. But there are full fishing closures on some waters. The closures and restrictions are in effect until conditions improve.
Rivers include portions of the Beaverhead, Smith, Shields, Big Hole, Jeffersonm and Sun.
Sockeye salmon at risk from high water temperatures will be captured to save as many fish headed for Idaho as possible.
Idaho Department of Fish and Game is trapping salmon on the Snake River, trucking them to hatcheries to be artificially spawned or to Redfish Lake in central Idaho for release.
Water temperatures in the Snake and Salmon rivers have been as high as 76 degrees, which can be lethal for salmon.
The Nevada Department of Wildlife is replenishing desert bighorn sheep’s only source of water. Without the emergency intervention, animal populations will decline and ecosystem viability is threatened.
“We’ve had drought conditions before,” said Game Biologist Pat Cummings. But not anywhere near approaching this magnitude, this scale of severity.”
During intense drought, vegetation dries up. Finding no moisture in the vegetation forces sheep to rely more on artificial water sources.
The USDA has authorized emergency haying and grazing on Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) acreages. Most emergency counties are in the plains states and the West, from Texas to the Dakotas, to California and Oregon. This is done to improve CRP cover and provide emergency relief to livestock producers due to drought.
When emergency haying and grazing is authorized, producers can use their CRP acreage for their own livestock or may allow another livestock producer use of their CRP acreage.
Snakes, bears, and other animals seeking refuge from the drying landscape are moving into urban environments.
Rattlesnakes are everywhere these days, says Len Ramirez owner of a rattlesnake removal company. He’s finding rattlers on front porches, in potted plants, and under children’s play equipment.
“I am busier than I have ever been,” he continues. “Complaints are coming in from all over the state. Rattlesnakes are becoming more common in the places where we live, work and play.”
Ramirez has had to remove more than 60 snakes at a time. “I always remind parents to be a good scout before your kids go out to play,” he says.