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Best Places To Bowhunt Bow-only zones offer archers the highest odds at a mature whitetail buck

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The best places to bowhunt for deer are the areas where people with firearms don't tread. In these locations the bucks grow old even as they boldly pursue does through open woodlots and fields. That's why we stuck to areas that are open only to bowhunters when we put this list together. You might be surprised at how many of these areas there are, even in your backyard.

ALBERTA

The archery world-record typical whitetail was tagged in 2001 by Wayne Zaft in Alberta's Wildlife Management Unit 248. The buck grossed 222 Boone and Crockett points and netted 208 6/8. Unit 248 covers 4,190 square kilometers (about 1,618 square miles) around Edmonton. In order to reduce the whitetail population, muzzleloaders are allowed there during a late primitive-weapons season. Other than that one hunt, only bows are legal in this unit.

Most of the hunting takes place on private land, as there is very little public ground in Unit 248. The unit encircles Edmonton, a bustling industrial city. Nonresidents are required to hunt with a guide in Alberta, so be sure your guide has the rights to prime deer-hunting areas.

Gently rolling hills descend to the Saskatchewan River, which runs through the middle of Unit 248. The land outside the city is mainly agricultural, but there is a good mix of wooded areas as well.

WMU 212, another bow-only area, covers 3,603 square kilometers (or 1,391 square miles) around the city of Calgary. Though it does harbor whitetails, the habitat is more conducive to mule deer. In this unit, which lies in a rugged portion of the Canadian Rocky Mountains near Banff National Park, bowhunters hunt for trophy mule deer and elk. The Bow River, a premier flyfishing stream for trophy rainbows and browns, courses through Calgary.

ARKANSAS

Arkansas set aside 31 Wildlife Management Areas for bowhunters. They provide more than 62,000 acres of quality whitetail hunting. Some WMAs allow two-day firearm youth hunts in early November for a limited number of permit holders. Other than these hunts, deer in these areas can only be hunted with a bow. Go to the state's Web site to see a comprehensive list of such hot spots.

There are too many great areas to highlight, so we'll just introduce you to one. The 4,884-acre Rick Evans Grandview Prairie WMA is a multi-use area. The state's Web site says it is "managed for the protection, enhancement and restoration of the blackland prairie habitat found there." But though it's nice to know that Grandview Prairie represents the largest contiguous tract of blackland prairie in public ownership, it is even nicer to know that some huge whitetails, including a non-typical buck that scored 199 7/8, have been harvested there by bowhunters.

Unfortunately, the state gives out only 40 tags for this unit. Bowhunters who draw are required to shoot a doe before they are eligible to take a buck. But you can't just shoot any buck: Only whitetails with at least four points on one antler can be harvested. Though this WMA is mainly comprised of open prairie, it does have a network of wooded ravines that connect stands of mature hardwoods.

GEORGIA

More than 41,000 acres of deer hunting are open only to bowhunters on 27 of Georgia's WMAs. These areas range from a few hundred acres to the 22,000-acre Rich Mountain WMA in northwestern Georgia. The Cartecay section of this WMA (about 5,062 acres) is reserved for archers only. It gives up quality bucks because it is off-limits to ATVs and has remote areas.

The Cartecay River, which offers good fishing for rainbow trout, borders the bow-only section and provides canoe access to remote hunting areas. Rich Mountain is part of the southern Appalachians and supports mainly hardwoods with some pines. Wildlife openings have been planted with food sources, such as clover and rye grass.

Other archery-only areas for deer hunting include the Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge, the Fort Gordon bow-only area and the Standing Boy Creek Tract.

IDAHO

When a blast of frigid winter weather drives mule deer down from the mountains overlooking Boise, they retreat to their winter range on the Boise Front (Unit 39-3). This bowhunting-only area covers most of Ada County.

Every year 125 individuals receive permits on a draw basis to hunt the Boise Front, which is known for producing mule deer with trophy racks. Only 10 percent of the permits go to nonresidents. This spot-and-stalk hunting opportunity takes place from mid-November to mid-December.

KENTUCKY

About a dozen WMAs give preference to bowhunters in Kentucky. The largest of these, 10,598-acre Grayson Lake, allows a few two-day youth gun hunts spread out through the fall, beginning in mid-October. The success rate for the youth hunts is typically about 40 percent. Other than these hunts, only bowhunting is allowed for whitetails.

Most of the steep hills around Grayson Lake are covered with mature hardwoods and stands of pine. There is a good mix of open woods and thickets. Whitetails depend heavily on the mast crop in this area, especially white oak acorns.

Because no ATVs are allowed, the easiest way to access the more remote hunting areas is by boat. Motor into a quiet cove, beach your boat and hunt places far away from the nearest road.

MARYLAND

Nearly 18,000 acres of bow-only deer hunting is available on 11 Maryland WMAs. Though most are small tracts, you can find room to roam on the 9,200-acre Liberty Watershed and the 7,380-acre Prettyboy Watershed. These areas, which envelop Liberty and Prettyboy reservoirs, may be hunted by anyone who obtains a free permit. You can also fish for bass and panfish in the reservoirs.

Prettyboy in northern Maryland is steep and rugged. Liberty, farther south and west of Baltimore, has more gently sloping terrain. The land around the watersheds consists of homes and agricultural areas.

MISSOURI

Missouri has at least 97 bow-only areas for deer that total more than 103,000 acres. Some tracts cover less than 100 acres, but others offer thousands of acres of bowhunting opportunities, such as the 13,732-acre Four Rivers Conservation Area, the 8,633-acre Schell-Osage Conservation Area, the 4,089-acre Drury-Mincy Conservation Area and the 7,044-acre Reform Conservation Area. Many of these tracts produce huge bucks.

In the center of the Reform area is a nuclear power plant run by American Union Electric, which leases its property to the state. This land has been open only to bowhunters for roughly 20 years, which is one reason it grows bucks that sport heavy antlers.

TEXAS

Seven public areas in Texas contain 54,497 acres that allow deer hunting only with archery equipment. The largest of these is the 25,000-acre Newton County Public Hunting, located in Unit 122 in eastern Texas. This timberland is leased from a private timber company that manages it for pine trees.

As part of a streamside management program, the timber company voluntarily leaves a 50-yard buffer of hardwoods along streams. Big bucks use these buffers as travel corridors.

Unit 122 lies within a region of Texas known for growing big bucks. Prior to the bow-only regulation (implemented two years ago), heavy firearms hunting reduced the deer population to a very low density. Now that only bows are allowed, the population is growing slowly. The low density, combined with light hunting pressure and good forage, is allowing bucks to grow whopper racks.

WEST VIRGINIA

For more than 20 years, a block of four counties along West Virginia's southwestern border--Logan, McDowell, Mingo and Wyoming--have been limited to archery-only for whitetail hunting. These counties now yield excellent trophy whitetail hunting. For example, during the 2002 season, of the 65 trophy bucks (scores of at least 126 typical or 155 non-typical B&C) taken in the state's 55 counties, 37 came from the four archery-only counties.

Several large public-hunting areas lie within the four counties, including the 17,000-acre RD Bailey WMA, the 7,810-acre Panther State Forest, the 18,000-acre Tug Fork WMA and the 13,000-acre Laurel Lake WMA. ATVs aren't allowed in these WMAs. These counties also have large timber and mining company land holdings that are open to public hunting.

ALBERTA

Trophy Potential: 10*

Where to Stay: Both Edmonton and Calgary offer a full range of accommodations within 30 minutes of prime hunting areas. Edmonton (780-426-4620; www.edmontonchamber.com); Calgary (403-750-0400; www.calgarychamber.com).

License fees: $38.75 for a resident deer license, $132.48 for Canadian nonresidents and $203.68 for nonresident aliens.

Contact: Alberta Sustainable Resource Development (780-427-9327; www3.gov.ab.ca/srd/fw/hunting).

ARKANSAS

Trophy Potential: 8

Where to Stay: Millwood Lake State Park has a variety of camping facilities (870-898-2800; www.arkansasstateparks.com). Several motels are available 16 miles away in Hope.

License fees: A resident hunting license is $35.50; nonresidents pay $225.

Contact: Arkansas Game and Fish Commission (800-364-4263; www.agfc.com).

GEORGIA

Trophy Potential: 6

Where to Stay: You can set up primitive camps in the Rich Mountain WMA. Motels are available in nearby Ellijay (706-635-7400; www.gilmerchamber.com).

License fees: Resident deer hunters pay $9; nonresidents pay $118.

Contact: Georgia Department of Natural Resources (770-918-6400; www.georgiawildlife.com).

IDAHO

Trophy Potential: 8

Where to Stay: Boise, the largest city in Idaho, offers a wide range of motels and hotels to fit any budget (800-635-5240; www.boise.org).

License fees: Resident fees are $29; nonresidents pay $363.

Contact: Idaho Fish and Game (208-465-8465; http://fishandgame.idaho.gov).

KENTUCKY

Trophy Potential: 6

Where to Stay: Camping is available at Grayson Lake State Park (606-474-9727; www.state.ky.us). Several motels are located to the north in Grayson (606-474-4401; www.graysonchamber.org) or farther west in Morehead (www.moreheadrowan.com).

License fees: Residents pay $40 to bowhunt deer; nonresidents pay $140.

Contact: Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife (800-858-1549; www.kfwr.state.ky.us).

MARYLAND

Trophy Potential: 4

Where to Stay: No camping is allowed on the Liberty or Prettyboy watersheds. Both areas lie within 30 miles of Baltimore, where you can find whatever type of accommodations you like (301-725-4000; www.baltwashchamber.org).

License fees: Resident bowhunters pay $30.50; nonresidents $130 (or a reciprocal fee) plus a $25 bow stamp.

Contact: Maryland Department of Natural Resources (410-260-8559; www.dnr.state.md.us).

MISSOURI

Trophy Potential: 9

Where to Stay: No camping is allowed on the Reform Conservation Area. You'll find motels 15 miles away in Fulton, Missouri (73-592-3111; http://fulton.missouri.org).

License fees: Resident archery deer permits cost $19; nonresidents pay $120.

Contact: Missouri Department of Conservation (573-882-9909; www.mdc.state.mo.us).

TEXAS

Trophy Potential: 6

Where to Stay: All of these public hunting units have primitive camping sites, which in some cases are merely clearings in the woods. Motels are available in nearby Jasper, about 30 minutes from Hunting Unit 122.

License fees: Residents pay $30 to bowhunt deer; $307 for nonresidents.

Contact: Texas Parks & Wildlife (800-792-1112; www.tpwd.state.tx.us).

WEST VIRGINIA

Trophy Potential: 8

Where to Stay: Camping is available at Panther State Forest and the RD Bailey WMA. The town of Logan has motels that are right in the heart of some of the state's best big-buck country (304-752-1324; www.chamber.logan.wv.us).

License fees: Resident deer hunting fees are $25; nonresidents pay $125.

Contact: West Virginia Department of Natural Resources (304-558-2771; www.wvdnr.gov).

*On a scale of 1 to 10; 10 being excellent.

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