- A. Lead and Tin: Pure lead is required for casting muzzleloader bullets. A mixture of lead, antimony, and tin is required for other cast bullets.
- B. Melting Pot: An electric lead furnace with a temperature dial allows you to adjust and maintain the heat, and its bottom-pour valve dispenses an even stream of lead alloy.
- C. Bullet Molds: Molds for large bullets, like those for the .45/70, usually have only one cavity, to leave enough surrounding metal to dissipate heat. Four- or six-cavity molds speed up the casting for handgun bullets.
- D. Sizer/Lubricator: Pushing a bullet in and out of a sizer/lubricator press sizes the bullet to the correct diameter, fills the grooves with lubricant, and, if needed, crimps a gas check onto the bullet's base.
- E. Sizing Die: The correct diameter for a sizing die is usually .001 of an inch larger than a rifle barrel's groove diameter. The top punch, when needed, must match the bullet's nose for the bullet to squarely enter the sizing die.
- F. Mold Mallet: A sharp strike on the lip of the sprue plate with a mold mallet will cleanly cut the hardened sprue from the bullet's base. A rap of the mallet on the mold handle hinge knocks loose any bullet hung up in the cavity.
- G. Bullet Lube: Lubricants reduce friction to keep the bullet from leaving smears of lead in the bore. Hard lubricants require a heating element attached to a sizer/lubricator press to soften the lube.
- H. Flux: Flux blends lead and its alloys and raises impurities to the surface of the melt, where they can be skimmed off.
- I. Gas Checks: Gas checks crimp onto a bullet's base to shield the base from powder gas heat and distortion caused by pressure.