Second, choose a state and an area. Most western states are divided into hunt areas. State game agency websites provide information pertinent to each area including boundaries, maps, hunter/harvest data, age/trophy data, male/female ratios, and so on. Thorough research will reveal areas where hunter numbers are below average, harvest percentage is above average, and/or trophy class animals compose a larger percentage of the population. Make a list of criteria and research potential states and areas till you find what you are looking for. Here's an example of a list focused on finding a good archery elk area.