Remember when I said that the 561-yard hit I made wasn't a fluke? You might not be surprised to learn that I was shooting the Remington 50-grain V-Max ammunition out of the Savage at the time. Five-shot groups from this pairing averaged just over half an inch--0.567 inches to be exact. (The Savage shot Winchester's 50-grain Ballistic Silvertip a hair better, with a 0.557-inch average group size.) As Shooting Editor Jim Carmichel puts it, half-inch groups are the gateway to true long-range accuracy and are usually the product of custom or semi-custom guns and handloaded ammunition. One thing this test shows is that the Savage, loaded with the right factory ammunition, is knocking on that gate. While it is incorrect to assume that a gun that shoots a half inch at 100 yards will automatically print one-inch groups at 200 yards, our shooting in Montana demonstrated that the Savage is a serious long-range varminter. The 0.567-inch groups with the Remington ammo at 100 yards interpolate to a 3.18-inch group size at 561 yards--in other words, a prairie-dog-sized cluster of bullet holes. Of course, nailing a skittish target at an unknown distance while dealing with strong winds is very different from punching paper at the rifle range--the demands on your shooting skills are much greater. However, no matter how steady you hold the crosshairs, you'll never make that shot unless all your gear--your rifle, your ammunition, your scope mounts and your optics--is up to the task. The good news is that based on our testing in the wide-open Montana countryside and in the controlled environment at the rifle range, making 500-yard shots with off-the-shelf varmint rifles and ammunition is within your reach. All you need to do is hold up your end of the bargain and shoot as well as the equipment can.