At its heart, the .30-30 is a middle-of-the-road round. Not too big, not too small. It’s not too fast, not to slow. The round burns about 32-grains of powder to throw 150-grain to 170-grain flat-nosed bullets. These drop deer reliably and, “you can eat right up to the hole.” To the degree this is true we credit the little rimmed cartridge’s mild muzzle velocity. Depending on barrel length, give it 2,200 to 2,300 fps with a 170-grain slug, about 2,300 to 2,450 fps with a 150-grain. That’s 400 to 700 fps slower than most other standard deer rounds like .243 Win., .308 Win., and .280 Rem.