The Bottom Line
Near extinction at the turn of the 19th century, pronghorns are no longer in danger. The current population is estimated at 670,000. This is a 40 percent decline from populations of the mid-1980s, however, and numbers continue to drop. Two of five pronghorn subspecies-the Sonoran pronghorn and Peninsular pronghorn-are considered endangered. Threats include drought, habitat fragmentation and degradation, and reduced fawn survival due to inadequate nutrition and coyote predation.